, 2000; Soares and Giglio, 2003). These results show that His48 is essential for the hydrolysis of phospholipids and that these pharmacological effects are dependent, even partially, of the catalytic activity ( Soares and Giglio, 2003). A photochemically induced model of arterial thrombosis in mice was used to determine the antithrombotic activity of PLA2in vivo (LmrTX). The process of thrombosis after the injection of rose bengal (dye) is related to the formation of reactive oxygen species from the stimulation of the dye by laser light, leading to endothelial injury. The laser remains on until the thrombus
formation, and the blood flow is monitored by an ultrasound probe. When we compared control animals with animals that received the LmrTX, the time required to the thrombus formation (occlusion time = zero blood flow) was extended by approximately 40 min. PLA2 enzymes Screening Library research buy interfere with several physiological processes, including platelet aggregation. LmrTX produced a partial inhibition of thrombin and ADP-induced selleck compound aggregation in washed platelets. PLA2 enzymes can inhibit platelet aggregation by physical destruction of the integrity of the platelet membrane via hydrolysis of the membrane phospholipids, which could affect the functions of receptors that play important roles in platelet aggregation (Kini and Evans,
1997). As platelet aggregation was performed with mice washed platelets, probably the mechanism of action of LmrTx is through its interaction with the platelet membrane. The data of the primary structure, together with the results of the anticoagulant activity (APTT) in vitro and ex vivo, lead us
to infer that this enzyme can be classified as a PLA2 with anticoagulant activity related on its catalytic activity. In conclusion, the results strongly suggest that LmrTX exerts its anticoagulant effect thought intrinsic pathway (interaction with coagulation factors of this way) or by enzymatically hydrolyzing the plasma phospholipids. However, further experiment of interaction of LmrTX with coagulation factors are necessary for better understanding of action mechanism of this enzyme in cascade coagulation. The author declares that Liothyronine Sodium there are no conflicts of interest. We acknowledge the Mass spectrometry Laboratory at Brazilian Biosciences National laboratory, CNPEM-ABTLUS, Campinas, Brazil, for their support with the mass spectrometric analyses. The authors thank Mr. Paulo A. Baldasso for general technical assistance. This work was supported by the São Paulo Research Foundation – FAPESP (Process 09/02299-8) and is part of Post-Doctoral project by Daniela Carla da Silva Damico and FAPESP (2010/19916-7) to Claudio Chrysostomo Werneck. “
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