These findings revealed that 1ncRNA-DQ786227 acts as an oncogene

These findings revealed that 1ncRNA-DQ786227 acts as an oncogene in malignantly transformed BEAS-2B cells induced by benzo(a)pyrene. The identification of lncRNA could provide new insight into

the molecular mechanisms of chemical carcinogenesis. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“Two organic co-crystals namely, 4,4′-bipyridine-bis(N-phenylanthranilic acid) (1) and 4,4′-bipyridinium bis(3-carboxypyridine-2-carboxylate) (2) have been synthesized and Epigenetic activity studied by FT-IR, TGA/DTA, and single crystal XRD studies. The crystal system of co-crystal 1 is triclinic with space group P1 and Z = 4 and that of co-crystal 2 is monoclinic with space group P2(1)/n and Z = 2. Intermolecular hydrogen bonds, O-H center dot center dot center dot N,

with graph set designator D-2(2) (10) play a vital role in the formation of the co-crystal 1. Intramolecular hydrogen bond S(6) is also present in 1 and there is no pi-pi interaction. Whereas in co-crystal 2, the intermolecular hydrogen bonds N-H center dot center dot center dot N with graph set designator D-2(2) (12), O-H center dot center dot center dot O with graph set designator JNK-IN-8 in vivo D, and the pi-pi interactions together play a major role in stabilizing the structure. (C) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.”
“Study Design. A retrospective study.\n\nObjective. To evaluate the reliability of computed tomography (CT) with low radiation dose in the assessment of implant status in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS).\n\nSummary

of Background Data. The use of all-pedicle screw construct in scoliosis corrective surgery continues to gain increasing popularity since their introduction 1994 although their use in the thoracic spine carries a potential risk for neurovascular complications. CT is the method widely used to evaluate screw placement.\n\nMethods. Retrospective analysis of 46 consecutive low-dose spine CT in patients with AIS after posterior corrective surgery. Status of 809 titanium screws (642 thoracic) was evaluated. The degree of interobserver and intraobserver agreements about implant status was used as an indicator of the reliability of the low-dose spine CT in the assessment SN-38 cost of accuracy of pedicle screw insertion. A new grading system has been developed for this purpose. Five types of misplacement have been evaluated: lateral, medial, and anterior cortical perforations; end-plate perforation; and foraminal perforation.\n\nResults. The analysis has shown a substantial interobserver and intraobserver agreements (kappa: 0.69 and 0.76, respectively) in differentiating pedicle screws with acceptable placement from screws with partial or total cortical perforation. None of the examinations was subjectively classified as unreliable.\n\nConclusion.

The hollow-site-stacked interfaces, in which Ti atoms locate on t

The hollow-site-stacked interfaces, in which Ti atoms locate on the hollow site of interfacial C atoms (cases III and IV), are more thermodynamically stable with larger work of adhesion, and interfacial fracture toughness. The center-site-stacked (cases I and II) and top-site-stacked (cases V and VI) interfaces have a decreasing interface adhesion as the order. The electronic Liproxstatin-1 solubility dmso structure of hollow-site-stacked interface (case IV) gives the evidence that atomic bonding exists between interfacial C, Si, and Ti atoms, and the C-Ti bonds exhibit more covalent

features than Si-Ti. The tilt direction of Ti atoms, namely the stacking style of Ti, has a subtle and secondary effect on the interface stability. (C) 2013 American Institute of Physics. []“
“Kiaa1867 (human Kirre, hKirre) has a critical role in brain development and/or maintenance of the glomerular slit diaphragm in kidneys. Murine homolog of this BIX 01294 in vivo gene, mKirre expressed in OP9 and AFT024 cells could support hematopoietic stem cells/hematopoietic progenitor cells (HSC/HPC) expansion in vitro. HKirre is also expressed in human FBMOB-hTERT

cell line and fetal liver fibroblast-like cells but its function has remained unclear. In this paper, we cloned a hKirre gene from human fetal liver fibroblast-like cells and established a stably overexpressing hKirre-AFT024 cell line. Resultant cells could promote self-renewal and ex vivo expansion of HSCs/HPCs significantly higher than AFT024-control cells transformed with mock plasmid. The Expanded human umbilical cord blood (hUCB) CD34(+) cells retained the capacity of multipotent differentiation as long as 8 weeks and successfully repopulated the bone marrow of sublethally irradiated NOD/SCID mice, which demonstrated the expansion of long-term primitive transplantable HSCs/HPCs. Importantly, hkirre could upregulate the expressions of Wnt-5A, BMP4, and SDF-1 and downregulate TGF-beta with other hematopoietic growth factors. By SDS-PAGE and Western Blot selleck inhibitor analysis, a similar to 89 kDa protein in total lysate of AFT024-hKirre was identified. Supernatants from AFT024-hkirre could also support

CD34(+)CD38(-) cells expansion. These results demonstrated that the AFT024-hKirre cells have the ability to efficiently expand HSCs/HPCs.”
“Smokeless tobacco use in the form of the betel quid is common in the Western Pacific Region, and yet few studies have determined the nicotine delivery of this habit. During a validation substudy, we randomly sampled 201 adults from a rural province of Cambodia and determined nonparametric (bootstrapped) confidence intervals (CIs) for salivary cotinine levels in tobacco users. We found that cotinine levels for daily betel quid use among women (95% CI = 218.6-350.0 ng/mL) were (1) similar to the levels for daily cigarette smoking in men (95% CI = 240.2-317.1 ng/mL) and (2) significantly higher than the levels for daily cigarette smoking in women (95% CI = 71.

The uncertainty of locating the 3-D space points using subset-bas

The uncertainty of locating the 3-D space points using subset-based pattern matching is estimated by using theoretical formulae developed in Part I and the experimentally defined confidence margins for image locations. Finally,

the uncertainty in strains is predicted using formulae that involves both the variance and covariance of intermediate variables during the strain calculation process. Results from both theoretical predictions and the experimental work show the feasibility and accuracy of the predictive formulae for estimating the uncertainty in the stereo-based deformation measurements.”
“Cholangiocarcinoma is a highly fatal primary cancer of the bile ducts which p38 MAPK activation arises from malignant transformation of bile duct epithelium. While being an uncommon malignancy with an annual incidence in the United States of

5000 new cases, the incidence has been increasing over the past 30 years and comprises 3% of all gastrointestinal cancers. Cholangiocarcinoma can be classified into intrahepatic (ICC) and extrahepatic (including hilar and distal bile duct) according to its anatomic location within the biliary tree with respect to the liver. This paper reviews the management of ICC, focusing on the epidemiology, risk factors, diagnosis, and surgical and nonsurgical management.”
“The aim of this study is to produce the relation between cognitive HDAC-IN-2 and functional performance and some biochemical parameters in elderly population. So, we searched for the correlation between the activities of daily living (ADL), mini-mental state examination (MMSE) and body weight, age, hemoglobin, albumin, Akt assay serum sodium level of 180 elderly people in five nursing homes. Face-to-face interviews and questionnaires

were applied to evaluate ADL To evaluate the cognitive function we used the MMSE. The average age of 180 people contacted was 71.5 +/- 5.1 ( S.D.). ranging 65-91 years; 112 of them were women (62.2%),68 were men (37.8%). Of these elderly people, 25% had no medically diagnosed illnesses, whereas 17 of them (9.4%) were bedridden. There was a positive correlation between ADL and hemoglobin, albumin, body weight, cognitive function parameters and a negative one with age and serum sodium. There was a positive correlation between cognitive functions and hemoglobin, body weight, ADL and a negative one with serum sodium. Hemoglobin concentrations indicating anemia were observed in 30% of subjects. 3.9% of them had hyponatremia and 26.7% displayed a hypernatremia. There was a positive correlation between cognitive and physical function scores and hemoglobin. albumin levels in elderly patients. These results suggest that restoration of hemoglobin and albumin levels could improve cognitive and physical functional status in the elderly population. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

A key concept that has emerged from extensive studies on lipid bi

A key concept that has emerged from extensive studies on lipid biophysics and biological membrane fusion is that selective membrane fusion derives from the coupling of surface recognition with local membrane disruption, or strain. These observations from native systems have guided the development of de novo-designed biomimetic membrane fusion systems that have unequivocally established the generality of these concepts in noncovalent chemistry. In this Account, we discuss the function and limitations of the artificial membrane fusion systems that have been constructed

to date and the insights gained from their study by our group and others. Overall, the synthetic systems are highly reductionist and chemically selective, though there remain aspects of membrane fusion that INCB024360 are not sufficiently understood to permit designed function. In particular, membrane fusion with efficient retention of vesicular contents within the membrane-bound compartments remains a challenge.

We discuss examples in which lipid mixing and some degree of vesicle-contents mixing is Sapanisertib nmr achieved, but the determinants of aqueous-compartment mixing remain unclear and therefore are difficult to generally implement The ability to fully design membrane fusogenic function requires a deeper understanding of the biophysical underpinnings of membrane fusion, which has not yet been achieved. Thus, it is critical that biological and synthetic studies continue to further elucidate this biologically important process. Examination of lipid membrane fusion from a synthetic perspective can also reveal the governing noncovalent principles

that drive chemically determined release and controlled mixing within nanometer-scale compartments. These are processes that figure prominently in numerous biotechnological and chemical applications. A rough guide to the construction of a functional membrane fusion system may already be assembled from the existing studies: surface-directed membrane apposition may generally be elaborated into selective fusion by coupling to a membrane-disruptive element, as observed over a range of systems that include small-molecule DNA, or peptide fusogens. Membrane disruption may take different forms, and we briefly describe our investigation of the selleck screening library sequence determinants of fusion and lysis in membrane-active viral fusion peptide variants. These findings set the stage for further investigation of the critical elements that enable efficient, fully functional fusion of both membrane and aqueous compartments and the application of these principles to unite synthetic and biological membranes in a directed fashion. Controlled fusion of artificial and living membranes remains a chemical challenge that is biomimetic of native chemical transport and has a direct impact on drug delivery approaches.

Combined treatment with a single-stage procedure

is feasi

Combined treatment with a single-stage procedure

is feasible. Risk of graft infection may be lower than expected.”
“Bionomics of Aphis gossypii Glover and its predators Coccinella septempunctata L. and Hippodamia variegata Goeze were studied in Varamin (Tehran Province) during 11(th) May to 5(th) October 2006 on eggplant crop, with HIF-1�� pathway the interaction (density dependence) between the aphid and either of the predators determined. The reliable sample size (number of leaves) with a maximum variation of 6.73% was about 56. The index of dispersion, regression models (Taylor and Iwao), Morisita’s index as well as Lloyd’s mean crowding to mean were employed to estimate the spatial distribution pattern of the insects. The results indicated that the highest population densities of A. gossypii, C. septempunctata and H. variegata occurred in 8(th) June (11.62 per leaf), 17(th) August (0.36 per leaf) and 3(rd) August (2.11 per leaf), respectively. The index of dispersion, regression models (Taylor and Iwao), Morisita’s index and Lloyd’s mean crowding to mean showed aggregated distribution for all species. The linear regression model between prey and predators’ population densities showed a density independent predation by C septempunctata and H.

variegata on A. gossypii. This study indicated AZD6244 cost that spatial distribution parameters of the cotton aphid and its natural enemies can be employed to outline a sampling program and to estimate the population densities of these insects for use in selleck chemicals integrated pest management programs.”
“A series of novel, potent, and selective human beta(2) adrenoceptor agonists incorporating a sulfone moiety

on the terminal right-hand-side phenyl ring of (R)-salmeterol is presented. Sulfone 10b had salmeterol-like potency and selectivity profile, long duration of action on guinea pig trachea, and longer than salmeterol duration of action in vivo, suitable for once-daily dosing. It had lower than salmeterol oral absorption in rat, lower bioavailability in rat and dog, and a high turnover in human hepatocytes. It was metabolized in human hepatocytes by hydroxylation, oxidation, cleavage, and conjugation; most of the metabolites would be expected to have reduced or no beta(2) activity. The 4-biphenylsulfonic acid was identified as a crystalline, non-hygroscopic salt of 10b, suitable for inhaled delivery. Furthermore, it was free of any genetic toxicity issues and was considered as a backup to vilanterol.”
“A comparative analysis of the two most widely used water models, SPC/E and TIP4P, was carried out. The applicability of the models for studying the conformational mobility of peptides of the insulin superfamily, including proinsulin and insulin-like growth factors (IGF1 and IGF2), was assessed.

Results: After a median of 8 9 years (range 0 4-13 7), twelve pat

Results: After a median of 8.9 years (range 0.4-13.7), twelve patients

had died: LGMD2 (n=10, mean age 61 +/- 11 years), BMD (n =2, age 43 and 45 years). Of the remaining 118 patients, 89 completed follow-up: LGMD2 (n=64, selleckchem age 48 +/- 13 years) and BMD (n=25, age 40 +/- 13 years). In BMD, LVEF decreased from 60% (10-62) to 50% (10-64), p=0.02 corresponding to a one percentage drop annually. Among patients with LGMD2, LVEF decreased significantly in patients with LGMD type 2I (n=28) from 59% (15-72) to 55% (20-61), p=0.03, i.e. a 0.4 percentage drop annually, and LVEF smaller than = 50% was associated with increased mortality in this subgroup. In LGMD2E, 3/5 patients Selleckchem Dinaciclib (60%) at baseline and 4/5 (80%) at follow-up had LVEF smaller than = 50%. ECG abnormalitieswere non-progressive in BMD and in all subgroups of LGMD2. SVT and NSVT were present in both groups:

BMD (3/14 (21%) and (2/14 (14%)), LGMD2 (16/51 (31%) and 8/51 (16%)), respectively, all asymptomatic. Conclusion: LVEF decreased significantly in patients with BMD and LGMD2I, and the majority of patients with LGMD2E had left ventricular systolic dysfunction. This study emphasizes the need for tailored regular cardiac assessments according to molecular diagnosis with special focus on BMD and LGMD types 2I and 2E. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“CD40L on CD4(+) T cells plays a vital role in the activation of antigen-presenting cells, thus catalyzing a positive feedback loop for T-cell activation. Despite the pivotal juxtaposition of CD40L between antigen-presenting cells and T-cell activation, only a T-cell receptor stimulus is thought to be required for early CD40L surface expression. We show, for the first time, that CD40L expression Selleck AZD2014 on peripheral blood CD4(+) T cells is highly dependent on a cell-cell interaction with CD14(hi)CD16(-) monocytes. Interactions with ICAM-1, LFA-3, and to a lesser extent CD80/CD86 contribute

to this enhancement of CD40L expression but are not themselves sufficient. The contact-mediated increase in CD40L expression is dependent on new mRNA and protein synthesis. Circulating myeloid dendritic cells also possess this costimulatory activity. By contrast, CD14(lo)CD16(+) monocytes, plasmacytoid dendritic cells, B-cell lymphoma lines, and resting, activated, and Epstein-Barr virus-immortalized primary B cells all lack the capacity to up-regulate early CD40L. The latter indicates that a human B cell cannot activate its cognate T cell to deliver CD40L-mediated help. This finding has functional implications for the role of biphasic CD40L expression, suggesting that the early phase is associated with antigen-presenting cell activation, whereas the late phase is related to B-cell activation. (Blood.

05) Regarding toxicity, white blood cell decreased more frequent

05). Regarding toxicity, white blood cell decreased more frequently in the control group (65%, 13/20) than in the experimental group (33.3%, 7/21) (p smaller than 0.05); nausea and vomiting also occurred more frequently in the control group (55%, 11/20 vs 23.8%, 5/21) (p smaller than 0.05). In terms of quality of life, this index was improved by 57.1% (12/21) and 25% (5/20) in experimental and control groups, respectively (p smaller than 0.05).

Conclusions: Response rate of TP after combined with mannan peptide is mildly increased, while this combination alleviates bone marrow suppression as well as nausea and vomiting of TP, and improves quality of life when treating patients with NSCLC. However, this conclusion should be confirmed by randomized clinical trails.”
“The fermented marine alga Porphyra dentata suspension was tested for its fibrinolytic and immune-enhancing activities. An isolated Bacillus subtilis N2 strain was selected Stem Cell Compound Library for its fibrinolytic activity on fibrin plates. After investigating the effects of biomass amounts of P. dentata powder in water, various additives including sugars, nitrogen-containing substances, lipids and minerals, and cultural conditions of temperature and agitation

in flask, the highest fibrinolytic activity in the cultural filtrate was obtained by cultivating N2 strain in 3% (w/v) P. dentata powder suspension containing 1% peanut oil at 37 degrees C, 150 rpm for 48 h. A fermentor system was further established using the same medium with controlled pH value of 7.0 at 37 degrees C, 150 rpm, 2.0 vvm for 48 h for the best fibrinolytic activity. The fermented product also showed its immune-enhancing activity by increasing cell proliferation and stimulating the secretion of IL-1 beta, IL-6, and TNF-alpha in J774.1 cells.”
“Androgenic hormones can rapidly influence how animals behave, although the dynamics of these effects remain elusive. In particular,

we know little about whether androgens rapidly impact behavioural strategizing or whether such effects vary among individuals of the same species. Here, we examine these issues by testing how transient testosterone Cl-amidine (T) surges, which normally occur in response to social stimuli, rapidly alter the urinary marking behaviour of socially subordinate and dominant male white-footed mice, Peromyscus leucopus. Marking behaviour in mice is important in reproductive competition and advertisement; thus, how an individual marks its environment with urine likely reflects the strategy it uses to find a mate. Moreover, urine-marking patterns are indicative of social status and territorial propensity. Our results show that a single T pulse, within minutes, suppresses all measures of urinary marking behaviour in subordinate mice, including amounts of perimeter (territorial) marking and total (status-related) marking. These effects are not observed in dominant mice.

The most common urinary tract abnormality was vesicoureteral refl

The most common urinary tract abnormality was vesicoureteral reflux (VUR), with a rate of 34%. Thirty-nine percent of the children experienced UTI during follow-up. The compensatory renal hypertrophy of the contralateral kidney was 24% at 6 months and 68% at 12 months. Sixteen patients (59%) had an increased microalbumin/creatinine ratio (>30 mu g/mg creatinine). Microalbumin/creatinine ratio was higher in patients with MCDK than it was in the controls (P = 0.001).\n\nConclusion: Microalbuminuria and VUR are not rare in children

with MCDK. Systematic follow-up of these patients is recommended to identify those at risk of contralateral renal damage.”
“Objectives. find more To evaluate if the incorporation of antimicrobial compounds to chelating agents or the use of chelating agents with antimicrobial activity as 7% maleic acid and peracetic acid show similar disinfection ability in comparison to conventional irrigants as sodium hypochlorite or iodine potassium iodide against biofilms developed on dentin. Materials and methods. The total bio-volume of live cells, the ratio of live cells and the substratum coverage of dentin infected intra-orally and treated with the irrigant solutions:

MTAD, Qmix, Smear Clear, 7% maleic acid, 2% iodine potassium iodide, 4% peracetic acid, 2.5% and 5.25% sodium hypochlorite was measured by using confocal microscopy and the live/dead technique. Five samples were used for each irrigant solution. Results. Several SB203580 ic50 endodontic irrigants containing selleck inhibitor antimicrobials as clorhexidine (Qmix), cetrimide (Smear Clear), maleic acid, iodine compounds or antibiotics (MTAD) lacked an effective antibiofilm activity when the dentin was infected intra-orally. The irrigant solutions 4% peracetic acid and 2.5-5.25% sodium hypochlorite decrease significantly the number of live bacteria in biofilms, providing also cleaner

dentin surfaces (p < 0.05). Conclusions. Several chelating agents containing antimicrobials could not remove nor kill significantly biofilms developed on intra-orally infected dentin, with the exception of sodium hypochlorite and 4% peracetic acid. Dissolution ability is mandatory for an appropriate eradication of biofilms attached to dentin.”
“Increasing interest in the use of digital image correlation (DIC) for full-field surface shape and deformation measurements has led to an on-going need for both the development of theoretical formulae capable of providing quantitative confidence margins and controlled experiments for validation of the theoretical predictions. In the enclosed work, a series of stereo vision experiments are performed in a manner that provides sufficient information for direct comparison with theoretical predictions using formulae developed in Part I.

The species-specific primer set designed from the plasma membrane

The species-specific primer set designed from the plasma membrane ATPase gene of E.astragali can detect the pathogen. This assay could be applied in the standing milk vetch seed industry.”
“Pharmaceutical development and manufacturing process optimization work was undertaken in order to propose a potential paediatric rectal formulation of azithromycin as an alternative to existing oral or injectable formulations. The target product profile was to be easy-to-use, cheap and stable in Etomoxir concentration tropical conditions, with bioavailability comparable to oral forms, rapidly achieving

and maintaining bactericidal concentrations. PEG solid solution suppositories were characterized in vitro using visual, HPLC, DSC, FTIR and XRD analyses. In vitro drug release and in vivo bioavailability were assessed; a study in rabbits compared the bioavailability of the optimized solid solution suppository to rectal solution and intravenous product (as reference) and to the previous, non-optimized formulation (suspended azithromycin suppository). The bioavailability of azithromycin administered as solid solution suppositories relative to intra-venous was 43%, which compared well to the target of 38% (oral product in humans). The results of 3-month preliminary see more stability and feasibility studies were consistent with industrial production scale-up. This product has potential both as a classical antibiotic

and as a product for use in severely ill children in rural areas. Industrial partners for further development are being sought. (C) 2012 Elsevier B. V. All rights reserved.”
“Macromolecular crowding has a profound effect upon biochemical processes in the cell. We have computationally studied the effect of crowding upon protein folding for 12 small domains in a simulated cell using a coarse-grained protein model, which is based upon Langevin dynamics, designed to unify the often disjoint goals of protein folding simulation and structure prediction. The DMXAA chemical structure model can make predictions of native conformation with accuracy comparable with that

of the best current template-free models. It is fast enough to enable a more extensive analysis of crowding than previously attempted, studying several proteins at many crowding levels and further random repetitions designed to more closely approximate the ensemble of conformations. We found that when crowding approaches 40% excluded volume, the maximum level found in the cell, proteins fold to fewer native-like states. Notably, when crowding is increased beyond this level, there is a sudden failure of protein folding: proteins fix upon a structure more quickly and become trapped in extended conformations. These results suggest that the ability of small protein domains to fold without the help of chaperones may be an important factor in limiting the degree of macromolecular crowding in the cell.

Results: Of 1180 eligible

women, 1087 were approached

\n\nResults: Of 1180 eligible

women, 1087 were approached and 1044 (88%) consented to participate. Among the 987 women for whom a questionnaire and a definitive diagnostic assay were available, the prevalence of chlamydia was 3.2% (95% Cl 1.8 to 5.9). In a multiple logistic regression model, more than one sexual partner in the past year (AOR 11.5; 95% Cl 7.1 to 18.5) was associated with chlamydia infection. The use of any antibiotic within 3 months (AOR 0.2; 95% Cl 0.1 to 0.6) was associated with a decreased risk of infection. Screening restricted to women who reported more than one sexual partner in the past year would have detected 44% of infections in women aged 16-25 years and would have required only 7% of women to be screened. The addition of those women aged 20 years and under would have required 27% of women to be screened and detection of 72% MEK inhibitor of infections.\n\nConclusions: Selective chlamydia screening of pregnant women based on risk factors can improve the yield from screening. However, the potential harm of missed infections among excluded women would need to be considered.”
“Background: Vascular calcifications ( VCs) contribute

to the massive mortality in hemodialysis ( HD) patients. We aimed to identify prevalence and risk factors for arterial medial calcifications ( AMCs) versus intimal calcifications ( AICs) in a single-center HD population.\n\nMethods: This cross-sectional study included 134 patients, mean age 56.9 +/- 9.7 years, on HD for 8.2 +/- 5.0 years.

VCs were scored based on plain radiographs and ultrasonography of the common carotid buy CUDC-907 arteries.\n\nResults: Patients were categorized into groups I ( 13% without VC), II ( 10% with an AMC pattern), III ( 24% with an AIC pattern) and IV ( 53% with a mixed pattern). AIC and mixed patterns were associated with older age ( p=0.006 and p=0.004, respectively), and mixed pattern with longer dialysis vintage ( p=0.001). Pulse pressure was significantly higher in patients from group III than group IV, and intima-media thickness ( IMT) was higher in both groups with AIC. By multivariate analysis, risk factors for any VC were high serum Ca, phosphate, Ca x P product, low total protein, high body mass index ( BMI), systolic and diastolic blood pressure, IMT and history of smoking. Elevated BKM120 in vitro calcium and/or phosphate predicted an AMC pattern, and high calcium, BMI and IMT an AIC pattern. Finally, high IMT, systolic blood pressure, BMI and older age were predictors of a mixed pattern.\n\nConclusion: We observed a very high prevalence of VC, mostly with a mixed AIC+AMC pattern. Apart from well-known risk factors, the data stress the importance of smoking, an under-recognized cause of AMC, and systolic blood pressure for AIC+AMC.”
“Female gender is an established risk factor for worse outcomes after cardiac surgery.