Only 25% of the patients were aware of OPLL Half of the OPLL pat

Only 25% of the patients were aware of OPLL. Half of the OPLL patients reported gait disturbance before injury. Forty-eight (52%) OPLL patients without bone injury underwent surgery (median, 13.5 days after injury), mostly laminoplasty. Overall, no significant difference was noted in neurologic improvement between surgery group and conservative group. However, further stratification showed that surgery was associated Navitoclax ic50 with greater neurologic recovery in patients who had gait disturbance before injury (P = 0.04).

Conclusion. Prevalence of OPLL among cervical SCI was alarmingly high, especially in those without bone injury. Most of cervical SCI associated with OPLL were incomplete, without bone injury, and

caused predominantly by low-energy trauma. The majority of the patients were unaware of OPLL. Surgery produced better neurologic recovery in patients who had gait disturbance before injury.”
“Purpose: To demonstrate the feasibility of combining in situ delivery of genetically modified cells into the rat kidney, to induce expression of a reporter gene under transcriptional control of a heat-inducible promoter activated with magnetic resonance (MR)-guided focused ultrasonography (US), and to demonstrate in vivo the local expression of the synthesized protein.

Materials and Methods: Experiments

were conducted in agreement see more with the European Commission guidelines and directives of the French Research Ministry. C6 LY3023414 research buy cells were genetically modified by incorporating the firefly luciferase (LucF) gene under transcriptional control of a heat-sensitive promoter (human heat shock protein 70B). Engineered cells were injected in the renal artery of a superficialized left kidney (15 rats). Two days later, intrarenal LucF expression was induced noninvasively by local hyperthermia in 15 renal locations in nine rats with focused US and was controlled with MR temperature imaging. Six hours after heating, LucF activity was detected in vivo with bioluminescence


Results: The genetically engineered C6 cell line was characterized in vitro for LucF expression related to the heating parameters. Changes in renal morphology and hemodynamic parameters as a result of rat kidney superficialization were not significant. Intrarenal temperature measurement at the focal point followed the scheduled temperature in 13 of 15 cases. On bioluminescence images, LucF activity was present only in heated regions. The level of LucF expression was also dependent on heating parameters. Substantial tissue damage was noted at histologic analysis in only the two cases in which temperature control was inadequate.

Conclusion: A strategy combining cell delivery of a transgene and a thermosensitive promoter that can be locally activated with MR-guided focused US is able to induce in vivo gene expression controlled in space and time. (C)RSNA, 2010 Supplemental material:

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