Here we report our experience of clinical implementation of daily online IGRT and IMRT using helical tomotherapy.
Materials and methods: Methods were needed to select patients who would probably benefit. Machine-specific
commissioning, a quality assurance programme and patient-specific delivery quality assurance were also needed. The planning target volume dose was prescribed as the median dose, with the added criterion that the 95% isodose should cover 99% of the target volume. Although back-up plans, for delivery on conventional linear accelerators, were initially prepared, this practice was abandoned because they were used very rarely.
Results: In the first 12 months, 114 patients were accepted for treatment, and 3343 fractions
GSK923295 Cytoskeletal Signaling inhibitor delivered. New starts averaged 2.6 per week, with an average of 17.5 fractions treated per day, and the total number capped at 22. This has subsequently been raised to 24. Of the first 100 patients, 96 were treated with radical intent. Five were considered to have been untreatable on our standard equipment. IGRT is radiographer led and all patients were imaged daily, with positional correction made before treatment, using an action level of 1 mm. A formal training programme was developed and implemented before P5091 research buy installation. The in-room time fell significantly during the year, reflecting increasing experience and a software upgrade. More recently, after a couch upgrade in April 2009, the mean in-room time fell to 18.6 min.
Conclusions: Successful implementation of tomotherapy was the result of careful planning and effective teamwork. Treatment, including daily image guidance, positional correction
and intensity-modulated delivery, is fast and efficient, and can be integrated into routine service. This should encourage the adoption of these technologies. (C) 2010 The Royal College of Radiologists. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“The management of herpes zoster Vadimezan price (HZ) usually involves a multidisciplinary approach aiming to reduce complications and morbidity. Patients with herpes zoster ophthalmicus (HZO) are referred to ophthalmologists for prevention or treatment of its potential complications. Without prompt detection and treatment, HZO can lead to substantial visual disability. In our practice, we usually evaluate patients with HZO for corneal complications such as epithelial, stromal, and disciform keratitis; anterior uveitis; necrotizing retinitis; and cranial nerve palsies in relation to the eye. These are acute and usually sight-threatening. We recommend oral acyclovir in conjunction with topical 3% acyclovir ointment, lubricants, and steroids for conjunctival, corneal, and uveal inflammation associated with HZO.