We reviewed a representative sample of pyeloplasties performed at

We reviewed a representative sample of pyeloplasties performed at our institution and performed a cost analysis.

Materials and Methods: We retrospectively identified 23 robot-assisted and 23 laparoscopic pyeloplasties performed at our institution between August 2008 and April 2012. Total cost was calculated from direct and indirect costs provided by our billing department.

Results: CH5183284 Robotic procedures were shorter than pure laparoscopic procedures (200 vs 265 minutes, p < 0.001) but there was no significant

difference in the total cost of the 2 procedures ($15,337 vs $16,067, p < 0.46). When compared to laparoscopic cases, subgroup analysis demonstrated decreased operative times (140 vs 265 minutes, p < 0.00001) and total cost ($11,949 vs $16,067, p < 0.0001) in robotic cases where stents were placed

in an antegrade fashion.

Conclusions: With widespread use the cost of robotic instrumentation may decrease, and experience may further shorten operative times. However, it currently remains to be seen whether robotic technology will become a cost-effective URMC-099 supplier replacement for pure laparoscopy in the management of pediatric ureteropelvic junction obstruction.”
“Background. Military service can lead to profound changes in identity, both in servicemen’s perception of themselves and in their relationship to the world, but the significance of these changes for psychopathology is unclear. We investigated whether the extent and valence of identity change was related to the degree of military trauma exposure or to post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and suicide attempts. We further sought to describe the nature of such changes using qualitative analysis.

Method. A total of 153 veterans in receipt of a war pension for PTSD or physical disability were identified. Interviews established retrospectively DSM-IV diagnoses Dipeptidase of PTSD and reports of suicidal ideation or behaviour since enlistment

were examined.

Results. Trauma exposure alone was unrelated to any measure of identity change. By contrast, PTSD was associated with a relationship to the world that had changed in a negative direction. It was also associated with a changed perception of self, which could be either positive or negative. After controlling for trauma exposure and PTSD, suicidal behaviours were associated with more negative perceptions of the world. These perceptions of the world included disillusionment about human nature and a more specific rejection of civilian life.

Conclusions. PTSD and suicidal behaviours in veterans seem not to be associated with significantly more negative views of the self but rather with more alienation from civilian life. This has serious consequences for engaging veterans in National Health Service (NHS) mental health services and for the provision of effective treatment.

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