METHODS Twenty individuals underwent five weekly full-facial trea

METHODS Twenty individuals underwent five weekly full-facial treatments using a QSNY laser at 1,064 nm. Another 20 individuals underwent five weekly facial acne treatments by extraction of comedones, and intralesional injections into severely click here inflamed papules were performed at each

treatment session. Clinical assessment scores were determined 1 and 3 months after the last treatment.

RESULTS QSNY laser treatments at 1,064 nm were found to be effective at treating PIH and have an additional effect on concomitant acne lesions.”
“The flower volatile compounds (FVCs) of two tetraploid Freesia hybrida (pink-yellow and yellow) cultivars and their cut flowers were analysed by headspace solid-phase microextraction combined with gas chromatographymass spectrometry. Twelve FVCs were identified in the pink-yellow cultivar, with linalool as the major compound; 30 FVCs INCB018424 were identified in the yellow cultivar, with linalool and terpineol as the two major compounds. The FVCs (>1%) of the two cut flower cultivars were very similar to that of the un-cut flowers, and no significant difference was observed.”
“BACKGROUND Wrinkle formation usually accompanies skin aging. Periorbital wrinkles in particular are an early

sign of skin aging. Therefore, several modalities have been developed to treat periorbital wrinkles, including topical applications, surgical techniques, and laser resurfacing. The 2,790-nm yttrium scandium gallium garnet (YSGG) laser has been increasing in popularity recently, but there have been no investigations into the use of a 2,790-nm YSGG laser for the treatment of periorbital


OBJECTIVE To evaluate the clinical efficacy of a CHIR98014 in vitro 2,790-nm YSGG laser for treating periorbital wrinkles.

MATERIALS AND METHODS Ten Korean patients (Fitzpatrick skin type II-V) with periorbital wrinkles were enrolled in this study. They were treated two times with a 4-week interval using a 2,790-nm YSGG laser. The treatment parameters were an average 2-J/cm(2) fluence, 6-mm spot size, and 0.3-ms pulse width. Treatment consisted of two to three passes of the laser with 20% overlap until a clinical end point of mild erythema was observed. Patients were examined 1 week after each treatment and 3 months after the last treatment. Two independent, blinded dermatologists evaluated clinical improvement using the Fitzpatrick Wrinkle Classification System (FWCS) by comparing digital photographs taken before treatment (baseline) and 3 months after the last treatment. Efficacy was assessed by subtracting the baseline score from the score at 3 months after the last treatment (wrinkle improvement < 0; no change = 0; worsening > 0). At each visit, the patients were also evaluated for any side effects. At the end of the study, the patients documented their degree of satisfaction on a scale of very satisfied, satisfied, slightly satisfied, and unsatisfied.

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